Authors' names are listed in the following order:
For publications with 1-6 authors, list all authors' names. For publications with 7 or more authors, list only the first author's name followed by et al.
Conference Proceedings Titles:
When citing conference proceedings, the conference name should be abbreviated using the standard abbreviations listed in the table on Page 5 of the IEEE Reference Guide (linked below). If a word in the conference name is not listed in the table, leave it written out in full. For example:
When citing journal articles, the journal title should be abbreviated using the standard abbreviations listed in the table beginning on Page 18 of the IEEE Reference Guide (linked below). If a word in the journal title is not listed in the table, leave it written out in full. For example:
URLs and DOIs:
DOIs are always followed by periods. URLs are not followed by periods, even when they are the last element of a citation.
A. B. Author, “Title of article in sentence case,” Abbreviated Title of Journal in Title Case, vol. #, no. #, pp. #-#, Abbreviated publication month. year, doi: ##########.
Q. M. B. Soesanto, T. Yoshinaga, and A. Iida, “Anisotropic double-Gaussian analytical wake model for an isolated horizontal-axis wind turbine,” Energy Sci. & Eng., vol.10, no. 7, pp. 2123-2145, Jul. 2022, doi: 10.1002/ese3.1120.
A. B. Author, “Title of paper in sentence case,” in Abbreviated Name of Conference, year, pp. #-#, doi: ##########.
H.S. Bronzeado, P.A.C. Rosas, E.A.N. Feitosa, and M.S. Miranda, “Behavior of wind turbines under Brazilian wind conditions and their interaction with the grid,” in 8th Int. Conf. Harmonics and Quality Power, 1998, pp. 906-910, doi: 10.1109/ICHQP.1998.760163.
A. B. Author, “Page or article title in sentence case,” Website Title in Title Case, Publication date in format Abbreviated Month. Day, Year OR Accessed: Abbreviated Month. Day, Year. [Online]. Available: URL
Wind Energy Technologies Office, “How do wind turbines work?" Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Accessed: Sep. 29, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/how-do-wind-turbines-work
A. B. Author, Title of Book in Title Case. City of Publisher, U.S. State Postal Abbreviation, Country: Publisher's abbreviated name, year. [Online]. Available: URL
P. Jamieson, Innovation in Wind Turbine Design. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/9781119137924
*note on Publishers' Names: see the chart beginning on page 21 of the IEEE Reference Guide for the standard abbreviations of publishers' names.