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Citation Help

Citing Web sources

You should only site a source as a website if it is not part of another publication, like an online journal or magazine. Blogs, social media posts, online news sites, online videos, etc all have a recommended format in the manual. Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, the links below, your instructor, or a librarian when you have questions.

Web document - author and publication date

Author's Last Name, Author's Initials. (Year, Month). Title of document. Title of website. Retrieved April 17, 2020 from

Lee, J. (2015, March). The apparel industry’s answer to global water shortages. TriplePundit. Retrieved April 17, 2020 from

NOTE: It can be difficult to find complete information for Web page citations. If you can't find an author or publication date on the page that you are citing, look at other pages on the site in order to identify an author or a date. If you still can't identify an author or publication date, see the modifications below. Include a retrieval date if the page is not archived or likely to change.

Web document - author, no publication date

Author's Last Name, Author's Initials. (n.d.). Title of document. Title of Website. Retrieved from

Lee, J. (n.d.). The apparel industry’s answer to global water shortages. TriplePundit. Retrieved from

Web document- publication date, no author

Title of document. (Year, Month). Title of website. Retrieved from

The apparel industry’s answer to global water shortages. (2015, March). TriplePundit. Retrieved from